J. Semicond. > Volume 40?>?Issue 4?> Article Number: 041901

Recent progress of the optoelectronic properties of 2D Ruddlesden-Popper perovskites

Haizhen Wang 1, 2, , Chen Fang 1, , Hongmei Luo 2, , and Dehui Li 1, ,

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Abstract: Two-dimensional (2D) hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites have recently attracted attention due to their layered nature, naturally formed quantum well structure, large exciton binding energy and especially better long-term environmental stability compared with their three-dimensional (3D) counterparts. In this report, we present a brief overview of the recent progress of the optoelectronic applications in 2D perovskites. The layer number dependent physical properties of 2D perovskites will first be introduced and then the different synthetic approaches to achieve 2D perovskites with different morphologies will be discussed. The optical, optoelectronic properties and self-trapped states in 2D perovskites will be described, which are indispensable for designing the new device structures with novel functionalities and improving the device performance. Subsequently, a brief summary of the advantages and the current research status of the 2D perovskite-based heterostructures will be illustrated. Finally, a perspective of 2D perovskite materials is given toward their material synthesis and novel device applications.

Key words: 2D perovskiteoptoelectronicsself-trapped excitonheterostructures

Abstract: Two-dimensional (2D) hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites have recently attracted attention due to their layered nature, naturally formed quantum well structure, large exciton binding energy and especially better long-term environmental stability compared with their three-dimensional (3D) counterparts. In this report, we present a brief overview of the recent progress of the optoelectronic applications in 2D perovskites. The layer number dependent physical properties of 2D perovskites will first be introduced and then the different synthetic approaches to achieve 2D perovskites with different morphologies will be discussed. The optical, optoelectronic properties and self-trapped states in 2D perovskites will be described, which are indispensable for designing the new device structures with novel functionalities and improving the device performance. Subsequently, a brief summary of the advantages and the current research status of the 2D perovskite-based heterostructures will be illustrated. Finally, a perspective of 2D perovskite materials is given toward their material synthesis and novel device applications.

Key words: 2D perovskiteoptoelectronicsself-trapped excitonheterostructures



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[1]

Moure C, Pe?a O. Recent advances in perovskites: processing and properties. Prog Solid State Chem, 2015, 43, 123

[2]

Mtougui S, Khalladi R, Ziti S, et al. Magnetic properties of the perovskite BiFeO3: Monte Carlo simulation. Superlattice Microstruct, 2018, 123, 111

[3]

Li C, Lu X, Ding W, et al. Formability of ABX3 (X = F, Cl, Br, I) halide perovskites. Acta Crystallograph B, 2008, 64, 702

[4]

Bhalla A S, Guo R, Roy R. The perovskite structure—a review of its role in ceramic science and technology. Mater Res Innov, 2016, 4, 3

[5]

Li W, Wang Z, Deschler F, et al. Chemically diverse and multifunctional hybrid organic–inorganic perovskites. Nat Rev Mater, 2017, 2, 16099

[6]

Saparov B, Mitzi D. Organic–inorganic perovskites: structural versatility for functional materials design. Chem Rev, 2016, 116, 4558

[7]

Brenner T M, Egger D A, Kronik L, et al. Hybrid organic–inorganic perovskites: low-cost semiconductors with intriguing charge-transport properties. Nat Rev Mater, 2016, 1, 15007

[8]

Weber D. Das Perowskitsystem CH3NH3[Pb, Sn1-nX3] (X = Cl, Br, I)/The perovskite system CH3NH3[PbnSn1-nX3]. Zeitschrift fr Naturforschung B, 1979

[9]

Snaith H J. Perovskites: the emergence of a new era for low-cost, high-efficiency solar cells. J Am Chem Soc, 2013, 4, 3623

[10]

Gr?tzel M. The light and shade of perovskite solar cells. Nat Mater, 2014, 13, 838

[11]

Kojima A, Teshima K, Shirai Y, et al. Organometal halide perovskites as visible-light sensitizers for photovoltaic cells. J Am Chem Soc, 2009, 131, 6050

[12]

Shi D, Adinolfi V, Comin R, et al. Low trap-state density and long carrier diffusion in organolead trihalide perovskite single crystals. Science, 2015, 347, 519

[13]

Shaikh J S, Shaikh N S, Sheikh A D, et al. Perovskite solar cells: In pursuit of efficiency and stability. Mater Des, 2017, 136, 54

[14]

Johnston M B, Herz L M. Hybrid perovskites for photovoltaics: charge-carrier recombination, diffusion, and radiative efficiencies. Accounts Chem Res, 2015, 49, 146

[15]

NREL Best research-cell efficiencies. https://www.nrel.gov/pv/assets/images/efficiency-chart-20180716.jpg (accessed 16 July 2018).

[16]

Bush K A, Manzoor S, Frohna K, et al. Minimizing current and voltage losses to reach 25% efficient monolithic two-terminal perovskite–silicon tandem solar cells. ACS Energy Lett, 2018, 3, 2173

[17]

Wangyang P, Gong C, Rao G, et al. Recent advances in halide perovskite photodetectors based on different dimensional materials. Adv Opt Mater, 2018, 6, 1701302

[18]

Shen L, Fang Y, Wang D, et al. A self-powered, sub-nanosecond-response solution-processed hybrid perovskite photodetector for time-resolved photoluminescence-lifetime detection. Adv Mater, 2016, 28, 10794

[19]

Dong R, Fang Y, Chae J, et al. High-gain and low-driving-voltage photodetectors based on organolead triiodide perovskites. Adv Mater, 2015, 27, 1912

[20]

Fang Y, Dong Q, Shao Y, et al. Highly narrowband perovskite single-crystal photodetectors enabled by surface-charge recombination. Nat Photon, 2015, 9, 679

[21]

Xing G, Mathews N, Lim S S, et al. Low-temperature solution-processed wavelength tunable perovskites for lasing. Nat Mater, 2014, 13, 476

[22]

Yuan Z, Zhou C, Tian Y, et al. One-dimensional organic lead halide perovskites with efficient bluish white-light emission. Nat Commun, 2017, 8, 14051

[23]

Niu G, Guo X, Wang L. Review of recent progress in chemical stability of perovskite solar cells. J Mater Chem, A, 2015, 3, 8970

[24]

Rong Y, Liu L, Mei A, et al. Beyond efficiency: the challenge of stability in mesoscopic perovskite solar cells. Adv Energy Mater, 2015, 5, 1501066

[25]

Turren-Cruz S H, Saliba M, Mayer M T, et al. Enhanced charge carrier mobility and lifetime suppress hysteresis and improve efficiency in planar perovskite solar cells. Energy Environ Sci, 2018, 11, 78

[26]

Babayigit A, Ethirajan A, Muller M, et al. Toxicity of organometal halide perovskite solar cells. Nat Mater, 2016, 15, 247

[27]

Snaith H J, Abate A, Ball J M, et al. Anomalous hysteresis in perovskite solar cells. J Phys Chem Lett, 2014, 5, 1511

[28]

Tress W, Marinova N, Moehl T, et al. Understanding the rate-dependent J–V hysteresis, slow time component, and aging in CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite solar cells: the role of a compensated electric field. Energy Environ Sci, 2015, 8, 995

[29]

Sutton R J, Eperon G E, Miranda L, et al. Bandgap-tunable cesium lead halide perovskites with high thermal stability for efficient solar cells. Adv Energy Mater, 2016, 6, 1502458

[30]

Conings B, Drijkoningen J, Gauquelin N, et al. Intrinsic thermal instability of methylammonium lead trihalide perovskite. Adv Energy Mater, 2015, 5, 1500477

[31]

Nie W, Blancon J C, Neukirch A J, et al. Light-activated photocurrent degradation and self-healing in perovskite solar cells. Nat Commun, 2016, 7, 11574

[32]

Smith I C, Hoke E T, Solis-Ibarra D, et al. A layered hybrid perovskite solar-cell absorber with enhanced moisture stability. Angew Chem, 2014, 53, 11232

[33]

Chen Y, Sun Y, Peng J, et al. 2D Ruddlesden-Popper perovskites for optoelectronics. Adv Mater, 2018, 30, 1703487

[34]

Pedesseau L, Sapori D, Traore B, et al. Advances and promises of layered halide hybrid perovskite semiconductors. ACS Nano, 2016, 10, 9776

[35]

Stoumpos C C, Cao D H, Clark D J, et al. Ruddlesden–Popper hybrid lead iodide perovskite 2D homologous semiconductors. Chem Mater, 2016, 28, 2852

[36]

Shen H, Li J, Wang H, et al. Two-dimensional lead-free perovskite (C6H5C2H4NH3)2CsSn2I7 with high hole mobility. J Phys Chem Lett, 2018, 10, 7

[37]

Soe C, Stoumpos C, Kepenekian M, et al. New type of 2D perovskites with alternating cations in the interlayer space, (C(NH2)3)(CH3NH3)nPbnI3n+1: Structure, properties, and photovoltaic performance. J Am Chem Soc, 2017, 139, 16297

[38]

Li J, Wang J, Zhang Y, et al. Fabrication of single phase 2D homologous perovskite microplates by mechanical exfoliation. 2D Mater, 2018, 5, 021001

[39]

Straus D, Iotov N, Gau M, et al. Longer cations increase energetic disorder in excitonic 2D hybrid perovskites. J Phys Chem Lett, 2019, 10, 1198

[40]

Cao D H, Stoumpos C C, Farha O K, et al. 2D homologous perovskites as light-absorbing materials for solar cell applications. J Am Chem Soc, 2015, 137, 7843

[41]

Gauthron K, Lauret J, Doyennette L, et al. Optical spectroscopy of two-dimensional layered (C6H5C2H4–NH3)2–PbI4 perovskite. Opt Express, 2010, 18, 5912

[42]

Tan Z, Wu Y, Hong H, et al. Two-dimensional (C4H9NH3)2PbBr4 perovskite crystals for high-performance photodetector. J Am Chem Soc, 2016, 138, 16612

[43]

Quan L N, Zhao Y, Garcia de Arquer F P, et al. Tailoring the energy landscape in quasi-2D halide perovskites enables efficient green-light emission. Nano Lett, 2017, 17, 3701

[44]

Matsushima T, Mathevet F, Heinrich B, et al. N-channel field-effect transistors with an organic–inorganic layered perovskite semiconductor. Appl Phys Lett, 2016, 109, 253301

[45]

Matsushima T, Hwang S, Sandanayaka A S, et al. Solution-processed organic-inorganic perovskite field-effect transistors with high hole mobilities. Adv Mater, 2016, 28, 10275

[46]

Wang J, Shen H, Li W, et al. The role of chloride incorporation in lead-free 2D perovskite (BA)2SnI4: morphology, photoluminescence, phase transition, and charge transport, and charge transport. Adv Sci, 2019, 1802019

[47]

Milot R L, Sutton R J, Eperon G E, et al. Charge-carrier dynamics in 2D hybrid metal–halide perovskites. Nano Lett, 2016, 16, 7001

[48]

Kumagai M, Takagahara T. Excitonic and nonlinear-optical properties of dielectric quantum-well structures. Phys Rev B, 1989, 40, 12359

[49]

Hong X, Ishihara T, Nurmikko A. Dielectric confinement effect on excitons in PbI4-based layered semiconductors. Phys Rev B, 1992, 45, 6961

[50]

Quan L N, Yuan M, Comin R, et al. Ligand-stabilized reduced-dimensionality perovskites. J Am Chem Soc, 2016, 138, 2649

[51]

Liu B, Long M, Cai M Q, et al. Influence of the number of layers on ultrathin CsSnI3 perovskite: from electronic structure to carrier mobility. J Phys D, 2018, 51, 105101

[52]

Tsai H, Nie W, Blancon J C, et al. High-efficiency two-dimensional Ruddlesden-Popper perovskite solar cells. Nature, 2016, 536, 312

[53]

Fang C, Wang H, Shen Z, et al. High-performance photodetectors based on lead-free 2D Ruddlesden-Popper perovskite/MoS2 heterostructures. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2019, 11(8419)

[54]

Misra R K, Cohen B E, Iagher L, et al. Low-dimensional organic–inorganic halide perovskite: structure, properties, and applications. ChemSusChem, 2017, 10, 3712

[55]

Even J, Pedesseau L, Katan C. Understanding quantum confinement of charge carriers in layered 2D hybrid perovskites. ChemPhysChem, 2014, 15, 3733

[56]

Grancini G, Roldán-Carmona C, Zimmermann I, et al. One-year stable perovskite solar cells by 2D/3D interface engineering. Nat Commun, 2017, 8, 15684

[57]

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H Z Wang, C Fang, H M Luo, D H Li, Recent progress of the optoelectronic properties of 2D Ruddlesden-Popper perovskites[J]. J. Semicond., 2019, 40(4): 041901. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/40/4/041901.

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Manuscript received: 18 January 2019 Manuscript revised: 22 February 2019 Online: Accepted Manuscript: 27 February 2019 Uncorrected proof: 07 March 2019 Published: 08 April 2019

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